Dwelling of Nepalese, Lhostampa or Gorkha in Bhutan
Actually, history of Bhutan is not so complex as queen Ashi Dorjee Wangmo Wangchuk wrote on- ‘ A portrait of Bhutan’ but it has been made much complex by the persons in periodic power , who want to established and show their supremacy and almighty strength through so called spiritual power , pride , miracle , mystery, greed, envy , prejudices and lie . For example ; on Bhutan History , written by “Mr some Harsat”( I forgot writer’s first name , may be “vikramjit” ) for school curriculum in Bhutan, in late 1970s , it has written that the Dev Senas ( Bhutan’s spiritual armies) have deputed in different nooks and angle of “Dwars”( doors areas) through spiritual power generated by the then Dev Raja or lama (monk ) . These types of examples are not in this war of 1864 ad only but in multiple places throughout the history of Bhutan could be found as instances by readers. Similarly, Guru Padma Sambhava’s visit to Bumthang for treatment of Sindhu Gap( Sindhu King ) also enveloped in doubt by adding the method of conduction as magical . In addition, his holiness Nawang Namgyal’s death kept in dark by saying that he is in long Samadhi (long meditation) for fifty years. So called meditation was occurred 1651-1701 . Indeed, these types of lies help to blur the facts carried by these personalities and monuments, which holds truth . Still, these practices are not stopped even after creation of Bhutan study center under Karma Ura . Mr Karma, his team, and the materials made by them are supporting the ethnic cleansing in Bhutan, absolute monarchism and racism . They are not giving place to all communities in their study such as to the Sarchope , Kheng , Nepali , Samthal , along with dozens of other minor communities . In fact in Bhutan, there are several aboriginal tribes who have been buried under migrating new tribes in difference places of Bhutan. The burying works happen not only in northern Bhutan but in the places where tourist are not taken for hiding the facts such as in southern and eastern Bhutan .
Karma’s team is promoting only Gnalung , culture, language and dress and its glories . The team is not thinking its acts will invite future Uprising for rights and equality, when Sarchop, Kheng and other miner tribes awake from their long slumber. These minorities occupied around 45percent of Bhutan’s population other than ethnic Nepalese and Gnalung in the country.
Be that as it may , If any historian believe in mythology , miracle and mystery alike in so called history of Bhutan written under king’s and his government’s influence than the practice of conducting archeological study to find the fact need to be eliminate from the world’s procedure and need to adopt Bhutan’s ruler style such as not searching facts and archeological evidences . Otherwise the Bhutanese rulers’ work should be brought under scrutiny , till the fact is find .
Actually, Bhutan’s history begins from Sabdung Nawang Nsamgyal’s era . His act gives some blueprint of new downing of nation and its relation with other nations. Thereafter anyone can get tangible elements and codified evidences as Sabdung’s father’s memorial monument called Chen Dhery and Semtokha Ringne school near Thimpu , or outside the country with whom Bhutan had diplomatic relations . Also , the Sabdung’s law and other works can help to make history true by establishing some avenues such as of 60 houses of Nepalese ethnic for settlement and agriculture farm developing in Bhutan brought from Nepal . He constructed “Chery Doorjee – Dhen and Tang Gompa near Thimpu at first . For this construction, he invited the carpenter and gold smiths from Nepal, in 1620ad either from Gorkha and Kathmandu valley or Halesu etcetera . Probably, this was the first batch of Nepalese entry in his time as quoted in Bhutan History based on Budhism , “on his return from Chapcha, started the construction of a new monastery called “CheriDorjee -Dhen and a double storied silver stupa with silver coin brought from Chapchha . He also built a statue of his late father and kudung Chorten and put the relics of his late father in it”.
There after he constructed the Semtokka Dzong in 1927 ad, Poonakha in 1636-37, Wangdi Fodrang in 1638-39, Tonsha in 1644, and Ring Pong in 1646 . After the death of Sabdung , practice of bringing workers and other human resources from Nepal kept continue by successive “Desies” ( Devarajas ) for the construction buildings and idols . Particularly, by Minjur Chhogyal Tenpa who was the in charge of Dzong construction and expansion of Bhutan toward central and eastern Bhutan even in Sabdung’s time . When, Mr Tenpa constructed, Chukha , Tashi Gang and Byaker Dzong with other eastern and central Bhutanese Dzongs , he brought other batches of Nepali workers from Nepal . In this regard , Jigme Yoshor Thinley ( GYT ) , the in charge of the ethnic cleansing in Bhutan and prime minister of Bhuitan’s king also was compelled to accept the truth and said in his lecture in Jadavpur university in India in 1990s that the first trace of Nepali in Bhutan was during Chhogyal Minjure Tenpa’s 1613-1681 (reign from 1667-1980 ) . Along with the post of Druk Desi , Mr Tenpa was the first Tongsha Penlope and Umje ( Chant master) and responsible for expansion of Bhutan toward central and eastern in his service time . The Nepalese brought by Sabdung and Chogyal Minjure Tenpa might have assimilated in the periphery of Dzongs such as at the margin of, Chapcha or Chukka , Dechen Choling Palace in Thimpu and Wangdi Fodrang etcetera .
On the other hand, the Kermises of Bhutan with Tibet at the north and in entire southern front from Teesta to Dhan siri forced them ( different Bhutanese rulers ) to invite more Nepalise or Gorkha for the protection of vast southern frontiers because this large territory was not possible to protect by only handful of Tibetan migrants settled in northern and central Bhutan .
Unfortunately, Bhutan lost 4400 square miles of territory in 1864ad With British due to Jigme Namgyal’s blunder with sir Asle Eden. This blunder force to create two territories and separate the brethren in areas of both side the territory such as toward Almoda kaling Pong and present Bhutan and Bengal . Imaginary border line was drew , right from Almoda or Kalingpong to Dhan Siri along with 18 Dwars ( doors ) of present Assam and west Bengal .
Thereafter , major Nepali or Gorkha settlement in southern Bhutan happened under Paro Penlop through Dalchanda , Garjaman and krisna kumari Gurung in 1878 but the Bhutan’s requirement to become a nation still was far behind from realities and existing practice . Then, Ugen Wangchuk , the then Tongsa Penlope and arising personality for Bhutan’s hereditary kingship , with the consent of Thimpu , Punakha , and Wangdi Fodrang Dzongpons ( Heads of forts ) order to expedite more Nepalese induction and settlement through Ugen Dorjee , the agent of Bhutan stationed at Kaling Pong . He was made a vassal and southern administrator of Ugen Wangchuk . Invitation of Nepalese ethnic was continue until third king’s time for drivers, mechanics, teachers and office bears and clerks.
Finally , those , Nepali brought from Nepal or elsewhere by Sabdung, Minjur Tenpa , other successive Desis , Parop Penlope, Tongsa Penlop , Ugen Wankchuk , Ugen dorjee , Raja Sonam Tobge Dorjee ,and third king Jigme Dorjee Wangchuk have been assimilated in different places of Bhutan according to new and old situation of geography . The assimilating places may be the shrouding of jambey and Kichu lakhang , Dechen Chioling palace Thimpu , Wangdi Fodrang , Kaling pong’s Almoda near Lingse Sikkim , Testa bank and in many places in Jalpai guri district along with ceded 18 doors by British India with rest of Bhutan .