With my triple bypass heart surgery and catching up with the age, I have not much time left to document the Truth that I know of my country, Bhutan. During my 46 years of public life up to the level of two terms National Assembly Member representing the Gaylegphung constituency in Southern Bhutan, I have personal knowledge and experience of the good, bad and the evil treatment from the government under the two successive kings of Bhutan. The booklet “Amar Bhutan” (meaning Eternal Bhutan) that I published in 1970 as a president of Bhutanese student organization was my inspirational beginning of a political career. However, as a victim of the 4th King, Jigme Singye Wangchuck’s “One Nation, One People” policy, l lived 20 years of my life in the Bhutanese refugee camps at Khudunabari in Nepal . Now relocated in America, I am overwhelmed by the fact as to how the Royal government of Bhutan, has continued its propaganda campaign to cover the truth of atrocities that amounted to ethnic cleansing, and more recently changed the subject to the concept of Gross National Happiness even though the Bhutanese people barely know of such a noble thing much less experience it.
Good: The third king Jigme Dorji Wangchuck who was known as father of modern Bhutan, ended slavery system, started modern development, joined international organization theoretically though there were lot of works to done practically on the ground of public harmony, development of nation and equality specially between the people and government official.
Evil: The political and Human Rights party known as Bhutan State Congress started by Southern Bhutanese in 1952 was crushed with iron hands, its leader Masoor Chhetri was killed in such a way that he was put in a leather bag and thrown in Sunkosh river to die. Members, supporters of the party fled the country along with many people from southern Bhutan estimated at tens of thousands . The “One nation, One People” policy of the 4th king and several new citizenship acts were all designed to somehow reduce the population of Southern Bhutanese who are of ethnic Nepali origin. The implementation of that policy saw the darkest side of the fourth king as the atrocities that amounted to ethnic cleansing continued in early 1990s displacing about one-sixth of the country’s southern citizens who spent about 20 years in the refugee camps and now being relocated in western countries.
Even with so called democracy, the king’s subordinates are ruling the country. Southern Bhutanese of ethnic Nepali origin are treated as second class citizens. Poor people have to walk days to reach a school or medical help. They have less to eat and more to worry as the government uses them to promote Gross National Happiness. I am hopeful that the truth will emerge one day and the world will ask the king and his cronies, this question: “Gross National Happiness, whose happiness?”