With my triple bypass heart surgery and catching up with the age, I have not much time left to document the Truth that I know of my country, Bhutan. During my 46 years of public life  up to the level of  two terms National Assembly Member representing the Gaylegphung constituency in  Southern Bhutan, I have personal knowledge and experience of the good, bad and the evil treatment  from the government under the two successive kings of Bhutan. The booklet “Amar Bhutan” (meaning Eternal   Bhutan) that I published in 1970  as a president of Bhutanese student organization  was my inspirational beginning of a political career. However, as a victim of  the 4th King, Jigme Singye Wangchuck’s “One Nation, One People” policy, l lived 20 years of my life in the Bhutanese refugee camps at Khudunabari in Nepal . Now relocated  in America, I am overwhelmed by the fact as to how the Royal government of Bhutan, has continued its propaganda campaign to cover the truth of atrocities that amounted to ethnic cleansing, and more recently changed the subject to the concept of Gross National Happiness even though the Bhutanese people barely know of such a noble thing much less experience it.  

Good: The third king Jigme Dorji Wangchuck who was known as father of modern Bhutan, ended slavery system, started modern development, joined international organization theoretically though there were lot of works to done    practically on the ground of public  harmony, development of nation   and equality specially between the people and government official.

Bad:  During early 60s, differences cropped  up the Royal family of the Wangchuck Dynasty and the Dorji family of her Majesty the present Grand Queen mother. Her grand father ugen Dorjee and  father raja ST Dorji who settled majority of ethnic Nepalese in Southern Bhutan during 1890s  and 1940s; her brother  Jigme Palden Dorji known as the first Prime Minister of Bhutan looked after the citizenship law 1958 of Bhutan , education and welfare of the population especially the ethnic Nepalese known as Lhotsampas following his ancestors’  footsteps. The king approved to lie the United Nation, and told that the population of Bhutan was 1.2 million in 1968, in an effort to meet the minimum requirement to become the member of the UN. The current population figure of Bhutan at 700 thousand does not include about 100 thousand Bhutanese refugees and 12 thousand sarchops who left the country with 9th incarnation of Shabdrung and Yanki  in 19 63 and  1974 .  Nor does it account for the Lhotsampas who fled the country after the turmoil of 1950 and 1988- 1992 . 

 The political and Human Rights party known as Bhutan State Congress started by Southern Bhutanese in 1952 was crushed with iron hands, its leader Masoor Chhetri was killed in such a way that he was put in a leather bag and thrown in Sunkosh river to die. Members, supporters of the party fled the country along with many people from southern Bhutan estimated at tens of thousands .  The “One nation, One People” policy of the 4th king and several  new citizenship acts were all designed to somehow reduce the population of Southern Bhutanese who are of ethnic Nepali origin. The implementation of that policy saw the darkest side of the fourth king as the atrocities that amounted to ethnic cleansing continued in early 1990s displacing about one-sixth of the country’s southern citizens who spent about 20 years in the refugee camps and now being relocated  in  western countries.
Cover Up:  Bhutan was able to join the UN based on lies, as a member now, it breached the trust and broken the very fabric and foundation of UN’s principle of international declaration of Human Rights. The answer to the question of “why” can be inferred from the continuous cover up campaign, lies and misdeeds being fed to the international communities in the doses, branding and blaming the victims and projecting itself as the last bastion of Himalayan Buddhist kingdom at the brink of extinction.  How unbuddhist is that?

Even with so called democracy, the king’s subordinates are ruling the country. Southern Bhutanese of ethnic Nepali origin are treated as second class citizens.  Poor people have to walk days to reach a school or medical help. They have less to eat and more to worry as the government uses them to promote Gross National Happiness. I am hopeful that the truth will emerge one day and the world will ask the king and his cronies, this question: “Gross National Happiness, whose happiness?”

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